“Treating and preventing alcohol, nicotine, and drug abuse through Transcendental Meditation: A review and statistical meta-analysis”
Authors: Alexander, Charles N.; Robinson, Pat; Rainforth, Maxwell
Published: Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, Vol 11(1-2), 1994. “Special issue: Self-recovery: Treating addictions using Transcendental Meditation and Maharishi Ayur-Veda: I,” pp. 13-87.
Methods of research: PsycINFO, Drug-INFO, MEDLINE; Sociological Abstracts and Social Work Abstracts were systematically searched for studies on Transcendental Meditation and substance abuse. Out of 12 studies found, seven provided sufficient data. From a previous narrative review on Transcendental Meditation and substance abuse (Gelderloos et al (1991) 12 of the 24 studies with sufficient data were also included in the meta-analysis. Total of 19 studies with 4,524 subjects (3,249 TM participants and 1,275 controls) met the criteria for inclusion.
Results of study
Transcendental Meditation compared to other forms of meditation and relaxation significantly reverses physiological and psychological factors which lead to substance abuse. Compared to control conditions, Transcendental Meditation significantly reduced the use of alcohol, cigarettes and illicit drugs in general population as well as among heavy users. Over time abstinence was maintained or increased.
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